A developer of innovative stem cell technologies, BrainStorm Cell Therapeutics Inc. has developed a stem cell treatment called NurOwn for central nervous system-based disorders. NurOwn™ is a product derived from human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. After these cells are collected from a patient by means of a bone marrow aspiration (which not nearly as invasive as a bone marrow biopsy), they are differentiated into nerve-like cells that can release the neurotransmitter dopamine and a nervous system-specific growth factor called glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF). Dopamine cell damage and death is the hallmark of Parkinson’s Disease (PD), and GDNF-producing cells can protect healthy dopamine-producing cells and repair degenerated cells. This halts the progression of PD and other neurodegenerative diseases. BrainStorm’s NurOwn™ therapy for PD replaces degenerated dopamine-producing nerve cells and strengthens them with GDNF.
BrainStorm has just announced patient data from its ALS combined phase I & II human clinical trial. ALS patients who were treated with NurOwn, a stem cell-based product that BrainStorm had developed, did not show any significant side effects to the NurOwn treatment. Therefore, so far, NurOwn seems to be safe.
The leader of this clinical trial at Hadassah Medical Center, Prof. Dimitrios Karussis, stated, “There have been no significant side effects in the initial patients we have treated with BrainStorm’s NurOwn technology. In addition, even though we are conducting a safety trial, the early clinical follow-up of the patients treated with the stem cells shows indications of beneficial clinical effects, such as an improvement in breathing and swallowing ability as well as in muscular power. I am very excited about the safety results, as well as these indications of efficacy, we are seeing. This may represent the biggest hope in this field of degenerative diseases, like ALS.”
The Hadassah Medical Center ethics committee reviewed the safety data from the first four patients who were implanted with NurOwnTM, and concluded that the clinical trial should proceed with implanting the next group of ALS patients.
BrainStorm’s President, Chaim Lebovits, remarked: “We are happy to report that the first patients treated with our NurOwn technology did not present any significant side effects. This supports and strengthens our belief and trust in our technology. Based on the interim safety report, the hospital ethical and safety committee granted the company approval to proceed with treating the next patients. We are pleased with the progress we are making and look forward to continuing to demonstrate the safety of NurOwn in the future.”
This study is headed by Prof. Karussis, MD, PhD, head of Hadassah’s Multiple Sclerosis Center and a member of the International Steering Committees for Bone Marrow and Mesenchymal Stem Cells Transplantation in Multiple Sclerosis (MS), and a scientific team from BrainStorm headed by Prof. Eldad Melamed. This clinical trial is being conducted at Hadassah Medical Center in Israel in collaboration with BrainStorm and utilizes BrainStorm’s NurOwn technology for growing and modifying autologous adult human stem cells to treat ALS, which is often referred to as Lou Gehrig’s Disease. The initial phase of the study is designed to establish the safety of NurOwn, but will also be expanded later to assess efficacy of the treatment.