Reprogramming cell in tissue repair


Outrageous data – transfecting adult cells with the Lin28a/b genes induce a kind of fetal state where they can increase responsiveness to glucose in laboratory animals, and resist obesity and prevent diabetes. This is remarkable. Read it for yourself here.

Leaders in Pharmaceutical Business Intelligence (LPBI) Group

Reprogramming Cell in Tissue Repair

Reporter and Curator: Larry H Bernstein, MD, FCAP

This is a novel concept in regenerative medicine that needs attention.

Lin28 enhances tissue repair by reprogramming cellular metabolism

Shyh-Chang N, Zhu H, Yvanka de Soysa T, Shinoda G, Seligson M T, Tsanov K M, Nguyen L, Asara J M, Cantley L C and Daley G Q.

Stem Cell Transplantation Program,Boston Children’s Hospital and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston; Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology, Harvard Medical School; Harvard Stem Cell Institute;
Manton Center for Orphan Disease Research; Howard Hughes Medical Institute; Department of Medicine, Division of Signal Transduction, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA 02115.

Cell.  7 Nov 2013; 155(4):778-792.    http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2013.09.059.

Lin28 overview

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc.  PMID:     23561442     PMCID:     PMC3652335

Abstract

In recent years, the highly conserved Lin28 RNA-binding proteins have emerged as factors that define stemness in several tissue lineages. Lin28 proteins repress let-7 microRNAs and influence mRNA translation, thereby regulating the self-renewal of mammalian embryonic stem cells. Subsequent discoveries revealed that Lin28a and Lin28b are also important in organismal growth and metabolism, tissue development, somatic reprogramming, and cancer. In this review, we discuss the Lin28 pathway and its regulation, outline its roles in stem cells, tissue development, and pathogenesis, and examine the ramifications for re-engineering mammalian physiology.

Figure 1. Overview of Molecular Mechanisms Underlying Lin28 Function. From: Lin28: Primal…

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Published by

mburatov

Professor of Biochemistry at Spring Arbor University (SAU) in Spring Arbor, MI. Have been at SAU since 1999. Author of The Stem Cell Epistles. Before that I was a postdoctoral research fellow at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, PA (1997-1999), and Sussex University, Falmer, UK (1994-1997). I studied Cell and Developmental Biology at UC Irvine (PhD 1994), and Microbiology at UC Davis (MA 1986, BS 1984).