Stem Cells from human sweat glands serve as a remarkable source for wound healing treatments according to a laboratory in Lübeck, Germany.
Professor Charli Kruse, who serves as the head of the Fraunhofer Research Institute for Marine Biotechnology EMB, Lübeck, Germany, and his colleagues isolated cultured pancreatic cells in the course of their research to look into the function of a protein called Vigilin. When the pancreatic cells were grown in culture, they produced, in addition to other pancreatic cells, nerve and muscle cells. Thus the pancreas contains a stem cell population that can differentiate into different cell types.
Kruse and his group decided to investigate other glands contained a similar stem cell population that could differentiate into other cell types.
Kruse explained: “We worked our way outward from the internal organs until we got to the skin and the sweat glands. Again, this yielded the same result: a Petri dish full of stem cells.”
Up to this point, sweat glands have not received much attention from researchers. Mice and rats only have sweat glands on their paws, which makes them rather inaccessible. Human beings, on the other hand, have up to three million sweat glands, predominantly on the soles of out feet, palms of the hand, armpits, and forehead.
Ideally, a patient could have stem cells taken from her own body to heal an injury, wound, or burn, Getting to these endogenous stem cell populations, however, represents a challenge, since it requires bone marrow biopsies or aspirations, liposuction, or some other invasive procedure.
Sweat glands, however, are significantly easier to find, and a short inpatient visit to your dermatologist that extracts three millimeters of underarm skin could provide enough stem cells to grow in culture for treatments.
Stem cells from sweat glands have the capacity to aid wound healing. Kruse and his group used sweat gland-based stem cells in laboratory animals. The Kruse group used skin biopsies from human volunteers and separated out the sweat gland tissues under a dissecting scope. Then the sweat gland stem cells were grown in culture and induced to differentiate into a whole host of distinct cell types.
Then Kruse’s team grew these sweat gland stem cells in a skin-like substrate that were applied to wounds on the backs of laboratory animals. Those animals that had received stem cell applications healed faster than those that received no stem cells.
If the stem cells were applied to the mice with the artificial substrate, the cells moved into the bloodstream and migrated away from the site of the injury. In order to help heal the wound the cells had to integrate into the skin and participate in the healing process.
“Not only are stem cells from sweat glands easy to cultivate, they are extremely versatile, too,” said Kruse.
Kruse and his team are already in the process of testing a treatment for macular degeneration using sweat gland-based stem cells. “In the long-term, we could possibly set up a cell bank for young people to store stem cells from their own sweat glands/ They would then be available for use should the person need new cells, following an illness,l perhaps, or in the event of an accident,” Kruse said.