Dr. Jeremy Mao is the Edward V. Zegarelli Professor of Dental Medicine at Columbia University Medical Center. Mao and his colleagues have published a novel technology that includes a growth factor-infused, three-dimensional scaffold that has the potential to regenerate an anatomically correct tooth in the mouth just nine weeks after implantation. By this procedure, which was developed in the university’s Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Laboratory, Mao can direct the body’s own stem cells to migrate to the scaffold and infiltrate it. Once these stem cells have colonized the scaffold, they will produce a tooth that can grow in the socket and merge with the surrounding tissue and integrate into it.
Mao’s technique not only eliminates the need to grow teeth in a culture, but it can regenerate anatomically correct teeth by using the body’s own resources. If you factor in the faster recovery time and the comparatively natural process of regrowth (as opposed to implantation), you have a massively appealing dental treatment.
Columbia University has already filed patent applications in regard to this technology. They are also seeking associates to aid in its commercialization. Mao is also considering the best approach for applying his technique to cost-effective clinical therapies.